It is believed that the Divine revelation of the wisdom of healing and health was gained through meditation. Lord Brahma, the God of Creation, remembered Ayurveda, and imparted it to Daksh Prajapati. The aforementioned knowledge was further imparted to those who were keen to learn it, who came to him for seeking the knowledge. Further, Lord Indra learned the science of life from Daksh Prajapati and imparted it to Rishi Bhardwaja. It was taken care that the relaying of information goes on unedited. No additions, deletions, or changes were made during the passage of wisdom.
Rishi Bhardwaja was the first earthlier to imbibe the wisdom from the celestial plane, who brought the knowledge to the Earth to help the suffering mankind.
According to the School of Ayurvedic Surgery, Ayurveda transcended on earth when Lord Dhanwantri manifested on Earth. He appeared with a urn containing nectar of immortality, during the Samudramanthan between the Gods and the Devils. he is considered to the reincarnation of Lord Mahavishnu. Lord Dhanwantri passed the knowledge of immortality to Sushruta and other disciples.
Lord Brahma is also the creator of four Vedas, i.e., Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda and Atharvaveda. These Vedas were physically documented by Rishi Veda Vyasa, Sanskrit being the language used. Fragments of basic principles of Ayurveda are periodically found in Rigveda. Whereas the major segment of the knowledge of life, it’s longevity, health, medicine, and surgery is mentioned in the Atharvaveda. Therefore, Ayurveda is considered to be the Upaveda (Segment) of Atharvaveda.
Darshana Vichara– Philosophical Point Of View
Ayurveda is believed to derive its fundamental principles from Sankhya Darshana and Yoga Darshana. Sankhya Darshana, written by Kapil Rishi, is based upon dualism. It believes in the presence of Purush (consciousness) and Prakriti (matter) in the composition of the Universe. Yoga Darshana, given by Maharishi Patanjali, is based upon non-dualism, and believes in personalized God (Ishvara). It teaches that the knowledge of self is essential for the liberation of Advaita. Self-discipline of yoga, keeps senses under the control of the scholar, leading to a full understanding of equilibrium between Aatma and Parmatma.
Ayurveda derives its behavioural principles from Nyaya Darshana and Vaisheshika Darshana. Nyaya Darshana, written by Rishi Gautama, is popular due to emphasizing the analysis of logic. it also describes about the Anumana pramana, i.e., knowledge of substance or action through inference. Vaisheshika Darshana, compiled by Rishi Kanada, is significant for its Theory of Naturalism, giving accurate description and classification of entities all around
Documentation Of Ayurveda
Rigveda is the oldest treatise of Ayurveda available, dating back to approximately 3000 B.C. It is the collection of ‘Knowledge Of Hymns And Praise’. This compilation of knowledge revolves around Cosmology, Prayers to several Deities of Hindu Mythology. Sporadic references of the basis of Ayurveda, i.e., Vata, Pitta, And Kapha are mentioned. The subtle perspectives of meditation, yoga, therapeutic herbs, curing Illnesses highlight the significance of the text.
The fourth Veda- the Atharvaveda, contains a plethora of knowledge about curing the illness and seeking health. this text is a significant source of wisdom of Ayurveda which was further explained in different books by many compilers such as Agnivesha, Sushruta, Vagbhatta, etc.